USA Building Inspections





Dishwasher 5-10 years routinely remove food particles and debris from sump

pump area in the bottom of the tub.

Garbage 5-10 years should be used sparingly when the Disposal building is

served with a private waste disposal system.

Ranges 10-15 years Ranges and ovens may become Ovens cosmetically

obsolete long before they are functionally defective.

Refrigerator 10-15 years Clean the refrigerator back and bottom yearly.

Exhaust Fan 15-20 years many newer installations have ductless model fans,

which seem to do a relatively good job of removing smoke.

The charcoal filters need to be washed regularly, depending on the

amount of use.

Washer 5-8 years Check shut off valves periodically for leaks and keep both

supply valves shut off when the washer is not in use to prevent

burst hose flooding.

Dryer 5-10 years Dryers should be vented to the exterior to prevent

excessive moisture conditions. Clean dryer vents and ducts


Estimated life expectancies represent averages and can be greatly affected by

the usage, relative care, the mineral content or acidity of the water and luck.



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10 to 16 years

Average lifespan estimates are based on “average” conditions. Many factors

contribute to a longer or shorter life of the roof



Accessories 10+ Years

Arc-Fault Circuit

Interrupters (AFCIs) 30 Years

Bare Copper 100+ Years

Bulbs 8,000 to 10,000+ hours

Copper-Clad Aluminum 100+ Years

Copper-Plated 100+ Years

Fixtures 40 Years

Ground-Fault Circuit

Interrupters (GFCIs) up to 30 Years

Lighting Controls 30+ Years

Residential Propane

Backup Generator 12 Years

Service Panel 60 Years





Asphalt Shingles 3-tab - 15 to 18 years

Asphalt Shingles,


24 to 30 years

Galvalume (metal) 30 to 45 years

Built-Up or

Modified Bitumen

10 to 16 years

EPDM (rubber)

Concrete Tile 35 to 50 years

Copper-plated wiring, copper-clad aluminum, and bare copper wiring are expected to last a lifetime,

whereas electrical accessories and lighting controls, such as dimmer switches, may need to be replaced

after 10 years. GFCIs could last 30 years, but much less if tripped regularly. Remember that faulty,

damaged or overloaded electrical circuits or equipment are the leading cause of house fires, so they

should be inspected regularly and repaired or updated as needed.



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Air Conditioner (central) 5 to 12 Years

Air Exchanger 15 Years

Attic Fan 15 to 25 Years

Boiler 40 Years (if installed)

Burner 10+ Years

Ceiling Fan 5 to 10 Years

Condenser 5 to 7 Years (for coastal areas, or 15 to 20 inland)

Dampers 20+ Years

Dehumidifier 8 Years

Diffusers, Grilles and Registers 25 Years

Ducting 60 to 100 Years

Electric Radiant Heating 40 Years

Evaporator Cooler 15 to 25 Years

Furnace 15 to 25 Years (if installed)

Gas Fireplace 15 to 25 Years

Handler Coil 1 to 3 Years

Heat Exchanger 10 to 15 Years

Heat Pump 10 to 15 Years

Heat-Recovery Ventilator 20 Years

Hot-Water and Steam-Radiant Boilers 40 Years

Humidifiers 12 Years

Induction and Fan-Coil Units 10 to 15 Years

Chimney Cap (concrete) 50+ Years

Chimney Cap (metal) 8 to 10 Years

Chimney Cap (mortar) 10+ Years

Chimney Flue Tile 20+ Years

Thermostats 35 Years

Ventilator 7 Years



Thermostats may last 35 years but they are usually replaced before they fail due to technological





Chieef inspector Inspector


Upon Taking Ownership

 Change the locks on all exterior entrances, for improved security.

 Check that all windows and doors are secure. Improve window hardware as necessary.

Security rods can be added to sliding windows and doors.

 Consideration could also be given to a security system.

 Install smoke detectors on each level of the house. Ensure that there is as smoke

detector outside all sleeping areas. Replace batteries on any existing smoke detectors

and test them. Make a note to replace batteries again in one year.

 Create a plan of action in the event of a fire in your home. Ensure that there is

aonp erable window or door in every room of the house. Consult with your local fire

department regarding fire safety issues and what to do in the event of fire.

 Examine driveways and walkways for trip hazards. Undertake repairs where necessary.

 Examine the interior of the home for trip hazards. Loose or torn carpeting and flooring

should be repaired.

 Undertake improvements to all stairways, decks, porches and landings where there is a

risk of falling or stumbling.

 Review your home inspection report for any items that require immediate improvement

or further investigation. Address these areas as required.

 Install rain caps and vermin screens on all chimney flues, as necessary.

 Investigate the location of the main shut offs for the plumbing, heating and

electrical systems. If you attended the inspection, these items would have been

pointed out to you.

 Ensure that the grade of the land around the house encourages water a flow away from

the foundation.

 Inspect all driveways. Walkways, decks, porches and landscapes components for

evidence of deterioration, movement or safety hazards.

 Clean windows and test their operation. Improve caulking wand weather stripping

as necessary.

Watch for evidence of rot in window frames. Paint and repair windowsills and

frames as necessary.

 Test all ground fault interrupter (GFCI) devices.

 Test the temperature and pressure relief (TPR) valve on water heaters.

 Eliminate any wood / soil contact around the perimeter of the home.

 Test the overhead garage door opener, to assure that the auto-reverse mechanism is

responding properly. Clean and lubricate hinges, rollers and tracks on overhead doors.

 Replace or clean exhaust hood filters.



Chieef inspector Inspector


 Replace smoke detector batteries.

 Have the heating, cooling and water heater systems cleaned and serviced.

 Have the chimneys inspected and cleaned. Ensure the rain caps and vermin screens are


 Examine the electrical panels, wiring and electrical components for evidence of

overheating. Ensure that all components are secure. Flip the breakers on and off to

ensure that they are not sticking.

 If the house utilizes a well, check and service the pump and holding tank.

 Have the water quality tested. If the property has a septic tank, have the tank

 inspected (and pumped as needed).

 If your home is in an area prone to wood destroying insects, (termites, carpenter ants,

etc.) have the home inspected by a licensed professional. Preventative treatments may

be recommended in some cases.


Although we’re heard it many times, nothing could be more true than the old cliché “an ounce of

prevention is worth a pound of cure”. Preventative maintenance is the best way to keep your

house in great shape. It reduces the risk of unexpected repairs and improves the odds of selling

your house at a fair market value, when the time comes. Please feel free to contact our office

should you have any questions regarding the operation or maintenance of your home.